The coronavirus pandemic in 2020 has put people’s lives at risk in almost all countries of the world. The disease does not go down, and every day more and more infected people are detected. In this article, we will tell you what symptoms of coronavirus a person has and what to expect from COVID-19.
1.Main symptoms of coronavirus
1.1 Intestinal symptoms
1.2 Symptoms in children
2. The very first signs of coronavirus
3. How the severe form of coronavirus manifests itself
4. Treatment for symptoms of coronavirus infection
5. Coronavirus hotline
6. Temperature in coronavirus
7. How the coronavirus proceeds and develops
8. How to detect a coronavirus in your home
9. The difference between the symptoms of coronavirus and SARS and flu
10. What should I do if I get a coronavirus?
Main symptoms of coronavirus
Coronavirus from China, detected at the end of 2019, is mainly expressed in the appearance of respiratory syndrome. Who, on its official Internet resources in 2020, published the symptoms of coronavirus in humans. The main load falls on the respiratory system and cardiovascular system.
Of the actual distinctive symptoms, patients noted:
- there is pain in the nasopharynx when swallowing and sneezing;
- my head hurts;
- I feel chills, fever;
- there is an ache in the muscles;
- have diarrhea;
- there is shortness of breath, lack of air when inhaling;
- there is a dry cough;
- have a runny nose;
- the body temperature rises and lasts for a long time.
In men and women, the list of symptoms of how the coronavirus manifests does not differ by gender. Each patient has an individual disease with different manifestations. In addition, symptoms may change as the virus develops.
Symptoms in children
The disease is most easily spread in children, so they are considered hidden carriers of the coronavirus. Snot and a slight cough as typical manifestations of a viral infection can be misinterpreted by parents. If the child has a stable immune system, the complications will not appear, and he will get over the coronavirus
With a more severe course, fever, cough, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhea are added. It’s hard to bring down the temperature. In any case, the baby should be examined by a doctor and prescribed treatment.
The very first signs of coronavirus
The first symptoms of a coronavirus infection can be encountered in a mild form. Patients do not always go to the doctor, mistaking the disease for a slight malaise.
The first signs of coronavirus are:
- dry cough;
- sore throat;
- difficulty breathing.
In some patients, the respiratory form of the disease is accompanied by intestinal manifestations, the virus causes diarrhea. An allergic reaction may occur from the conjunctiva, people sneeze. The list of symptoms is individual.
The severity of the signs of the disease, the duration and severity of the prodromal period depend on the state of the infected person’s immune system. People with strong immune systems can get sick with coronavirus and not notice the main symptoms. Suspicion of coronavirus is caused by dry mouth, a long dry cough, similar to whooping cough and not turning into a productive one.
How the severe form of coronavirus manifests itself
COVID-19 in severe form is manifested primarily by changes in the bronchopulmonary system. The condition of patients is deteriorating rapidly. Against the background of an unproductive cough, a high body temperature is kept, which is very difficult to bring down: when the temperature drops by several degrees, the indicator increases again. There are signs of intoxication.
A typical marker of a severe condition is respiratory failure caused by pneumonia. The patient’s health condition worsens if they have chronic diseases, metabolic disorders, or cancer. The load is felt by all organ systems, especially the heart and kidneys suffer, multi-organ failure and pulmonary edema develop. As a result, a person may die from the coronavirus or its complications.
Treatment for symptoms of coronavirus infection
If you find yourself with symptoms of a viral disease, you do not need to self-medicate.
Only a doctor should examine the patient, determine the threat level, and treat them.Depending on the clinical picture and preliminary diagnosis, the patient will undergo a rapid test that will show the presence of the pathogen within a short time. After confirming the preliminary data, a laboratory analysis is performed by PCR (polymerase chain reaction), which will finally give the answer whether there is a 2019 – nCOV infection or not. Only this method can accurately determine the presence of the pathogen in children and adults.
Recall that in the USA and in all States, you can take a test for the presence of coronavirus infection at home.
Temperature in coronavirus
The disease occurs in different ways, so fever is one of the most unstable indicators. Some infected people may not have a temperature at the first stage of the coronavirus at all or have a slight subfebrility. With a weakened body, the temperature rises on average on the 3rd-5th day after the virus enters the body and does not get lost. Do not forget that the incubation period lasts 14-24 days, in any of them the onset of the disease is possible
The temperature against the background of the coronavirus is high, usually exceeding 38 degrees. Reducing the temperature is problematic. A decrease in body temperature in mild form begins on the seventh day, in severe form it lasts two weeks or longer. This indicator depends on the body’s ability to fight the pathogen.
How the coronavirus proceeds and develops
Usually, the Chinese coronavirus begins with a mild form, and it is difficult to distinguish it from a cold. A sick person looks like a normal flu – tired, irritated, with signs of a viral disease. The initial symptoms are similar to a common malaise or a familiar flu virus.
Depending on the state of immunity, several scenarios may develop:
- Mild course – as a typical disease, indistinguishable from SARS. Patients are unaware of their status as carriers of a dangerous pathogen.
- Severe course – develops rapidly, provokes respiratory failure, multiple organ damage. Pulmonary edema requires the patient to be connected to life support systems. The last stage is often fatal.
The consequences depend on the severity of the current. Most of those infected are cured, although the percentage of deaths compared to other viral pathologies remains very high at the moment.
How to detect a coronavirus in your home
How to understand that you are sick with COVID-19 is the main question of the population in a pandemic. Fears are well-founded, because the disease can occur without a cough and without a temperature, as official who data indicate. It is impossible to recognize the primary signs of infection with coronavirus with high accuracy, since only the PCR method finally confirms the presence of the diagnosis. All other methods of determining the pathogen are not very informative.
It is not necessary to make a diagnosis every time you sneeze, it is important to inform specialists about your condition.
The risk of Contracting a specific Chinese coronavirus increases when you stay in countries with an unfavorable epidemiological situation or contact people who have confirmed the diagnosis. Even in this case, do not panic – it is sufficient to inform the hot line to isolate themselves and to act according to the instructions.
The difference between the symptoms of coronavirus and SARS and flu
Since both flu and COVIND-19 are viruses, their course is similar in many ways. The coronavirus causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Therefore, it has features compared to the flu and SARS:
- more severe complications, since the person does not have immunity, as from the flu;
- predominant damage to the lower respiratory tract, while the flu affects the upper;
- the symptoms of the disease can not be removed with antiviral drugs;
- a longer incubation period – up to 24 days (for flu, usually two days).
What should I do if I get a coronavirus?
If the coronavirus is confirmed in the laboratory, then further recommendations will be issued by doctors, and they must be strictly followed. A clear treatment algorithm has been developed:
- self-isolation therapy;
- placement in an infectious diseases hospital.
The choice of algorithm depends on the severity of the disease and the presence of complications (heart disease, lung disease, diabetes). If the patient’s condition may deteriorate sharply due to complications, they are immediately placed in a hospital, where they can quickly provide assistance and connect to a ventilator.